Endemic Birds of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is a birds paradise with 435 resident species. There are 26 endemic birds. Most of them are found in the wet zone. The winter migrants come from distant Siberia and western Europe. The reservoirs attract vast number of water birds. The forests attract many other species.  There are many birds sanctuaries across the little island 270 km by 140 km in size.

Kumana is situated in east Coast, Bundala, Kalamatiya are is in the southern coast, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Udawatta Kale, Bellanwila, Muthurajawela, Minneriya, Kitulgala and Minipe are other important Bird watching locations. In additions you can see birds through out the country in pockets of forests, lakes, lagoons and river sides during  your travel.

26 birds have been identified as endemic birds of Sri Lanka. Most of this birds are threatened by rapid destruction of forest and drying off of water flows.

  Lanka Habam Kukula - Sri Lanka Spurfowl
  Lanka Wali Kukula - Sri Lanka Junglefowl
  Lanka Mailagoya - Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon
  Lanka Giramalitha -Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot
  Lanka Alu Girawa - Layard's Parakeet
  Vatha Rathu Malkoha - Red Faced Malkoha
  Lanka Bata Eti Kukula - Sri Lanka green Billed Coucal
  Lanka Pitathbala Vana Bssa - Chestnut Backed Owlet
  Alu Kadaththa - Sri Lanka grey hornbill
  Rannalal Kottoruwa - Sri Lanka Yellow Fronted Barbet
  Oluwa Rathu Kottoruwa - Sri Lanka Crimson Barbet
  Hisa Kalu Kondaya - Black-crested Bulbul
  Lanka Arangaya - Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush
  Lanka Thitpiya Thirasikya - Sri Lanka Spot-winged Thrush
  Lanka Rasa-Raviya - Sri Lanka Bush Warbler
  Lanka Adhuru Nil-Massimara - Sri Lanka dull blue flycatcher
  Lanka Mudun Bora Demalichcha - Brown Capped Barbbler
  Ratu Demalichcha - Sri Lanka Orange-billed babbler
  Alu Demalichcha - Ashy-headed laughing thrush
  Lanka Pilachcha - White-throated flowerpecker
  Lanka Sithasiya - Sri Lanka White-eye
  Lanka Kahibella - Sri Lanka blue magpie
  Hisa-sudu Sharikava - Sri Lanka White Faced Starling
  Lanka Salalihiniya - Sri Lanka Mynah
  Kadukara Wikurulla - Black-throated Munia

Source: "A field guide to the birds in Sri Lanka - Dr. Sarath Kotagama
 "Birds in Sri Lanka" - G.M.Henry  


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