For one island Sri Lanka packs
an enormous variety of wild life into a relatively small space.
This is largely because in that small space there is a wide range
in altitude. The Central Highlands rise to over 2,500m with damp
evergreen forests, cool uplands and high rainfall. Within 100km
there are the dry coastal plain and sandy beaches. The climate
division of the island into the larger, dry, mainly northern and
eastern region, and the smaller, wet, south-western section is of
importance to observers of wildlife.